What is the West Nile Virus?
The West Nile Virus is a disease that is transferred to humans from mosquitoes. Most people are infected with the West Nile Virus when the weather is warm. This is the time when mosquitoes are the most active. There have been cases of the West Nile Virus in Middle East, Europe, Africa and Asia.
It was first discovered in the United States in 1999. It has been reported in all of the states except for Alaska and Hawaii. Cases have also been reported in Canada.
Only 20 percent of people who are infected with the West Nile Virus will develop symptoms. Skin rash, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, body aches and fever are some of the possible symptoms. One percent of people with the West Nile Virus will develop a neurological infection. High fever, confusion, disorientation and stiff neck are some of the signs of a neurological infection. Neurological infections can result in death if left untreated.
When the West Nile Virus was first discovered in 1999, it spread quickly. The mosquitoes spread the disease to birds. The disease was then spread to humans and animals through the infected birds.
Other Ways that the West Nile Virus Can be Spread
There are multiple ways that the West Nile Virus can be transmitted. Mothers who are infected with the West Nile Virus can transmit the virus to their babies during the delivery or while breastfeeding.
It can also be transmitted through organ transplants or blood transfusions. However, this is extremely rare. Blood and organs are thoroughly screened in order to ensure that they do not have any viruses.
It is important to note that the West Nile Virus is not contagious. This means that it cannot be spread through casual contact.
West Nile Protection
One of the best things that you can do to protect yourself from the west vile virus is to protect yourself from mosquitoes. You will need to wear insect repellent every time that you go outside. You should also wear long pants and sleeves while you are outside. Keep in mind that mosquitoes are most active in the morning and evening. That is why you may want to stay indoors during those times.
If you have dead birds in your yard, then you will need to report this to the authorities. This is a sign that they may have been infected with the West Vile Virus.